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As the need for clean energy grows globally, nuclear science and technology provides reliable, local energy options that have near zero emissions.
In 2002 the Gen IV International Forum (GIF) nations (Argentina, Brazil, Canada, France, Japan, Korea, South Africa, Switzerland, Russia, United Kingdom and the United States of America) proposed a long term research and development program to investigate 6 promising new reactor designs.
The six design concepts are:
These reactor concepts are designed to address the energy needs of the world into the far future (post 21st century). They can provide a number of benefits, including the following.
These reactor concepts are currently at various levels of development. The first deployments of Generation IV reactors are not expected before 2025. However, the long term potential of these projects is enormous. For example, one molten-salt Reactor designed to consume one ton of uranium per year, could supply sufficient hydrogen to fuel 3 million passenger vehicles. The waste from one year of the plant’s year’s operation would occupy half the volume of a typical domestic refrigerator. The radioactivity of the waste would diminish to background levels in about 500 years.
Center for Nuclear Science and Technology Information of the American Nuclear Society
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